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Hungarian merger control is generally aligned with the relevant EU rules with only relatively minor exceptions or special rules. For example, a notable special rule – which follows similar trends in major European jurisdictions – is the existence of the soft threshold regime, which enables the Hungarian Competition Authority (the Gazdasági Versenyhivatal, “GVH”) to intervene in case the traditional/“hard” thresholds are not met, but where competition is threatened on a specific market (e.g. in case of “killer acquisitions”).

Following in the footsteps of the previously adopted Government Emergency Ordinance no. 27/2022 on the measures applicable to final consumers on the electricity and natural gas market between 1 April 2022 and 31 March 2023, as well as for amending and supplementing certain regulations in the energy sector (GEO 27/2022), as well as the subsequent Government Emergency Ordinance no. 119/2022 (GEO 119/2022), which amended GEO 27/2022 as of 1 September 2022, the Romanian Government has recently adopted a new regulatory act, further amending both GEO 27/2022 and GEO 119/2022, and establishing an even higher degree regulatory control over the energy market, in the form of Government Emergency Ordinance no. 153/2022 for the amendment and supplementation of GEO 27/2022 and GEO 119/2022 (GEO 153/2022), published in the Official Gazette of Romania on 11 November 2022. 

Approximately two and a half years ago, online gambling providers started being sued by their customers, in various courts in Austria and Germany, demanding reimbursement for their losses by arguing that these services are offered illegally. This article will highlight some of the main issues surrounding these claims.

While notoriously intimidating to navigate, even for locals, real estate usage and ownership is essential for the two most common basic needs and concerns of every person, housing and work. The Romanian real estate system is largely aligned and similar with that existing in most European countries, nonetheless there are certain regulatory or market driven particulars which are of interest when looking for housing, accommodation, as well as for a place of setting up business. The below aims to break down the basics and provide tips & tricks for newcomers so that their experience is as streamlined and positive as possible.

The two main forms of non-governmental organizations that may be established in Romania are the associations and foundations. While an association may be incorporated by at least three domestic/foreign individuals/entities as founding members, a foundation may be incorporated by at least one domestic/foreign individual/entity as founding member(s). Associations are set up in order to carry out activities for the general interest, for the interest of a community or for the non-profit interests of its members and the law does not impose a minimum initial patrimony.

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DLA Piper is a global law firm with lawyers located in more than 40 countries throughout the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia Pacific, helping clients with their legal needs around the world. We strive to be the leading global full-service law firm by delivering quality and value to our clients. With practical and innovative legal solutions, we help our clients succeed.

In Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), DLA Piper continues to grow and now employs more than 320 lawyers, including 46 partners across its six offices in Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. With our global set-up and established relationship firms across all other CEE jurisdictions, we are among the largest and most experienced international law firms in the region. Through our experience gained advising on a variety of high-profile projects and the long-term relationships we have established with our clients, we have built a reputation as a leading business law firm across CEE.

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