18
Tue, Jun
79 New Articles

Validity of an Arbitration Agreement Made by an Unauthorized Representative

Validity of an Arbitration Agreement Made by an Unauthorized Representative

Turkiye
Tools
Typography
  • Smaller Small Medium Big Bigger
  • Default Helvetica Segoe Georgia Times

In Turkish law, for a representative to be able to enter into a binding arbitration agreement on behalf of a principal, they must be specifically authorized by the principal (Turkish Code of Obligations Article 504/3 and Turkish Civil Procedure Law Article 74). An arbitration agreement made by a specially authorized representative can only become binding with the approval of the principal. For example, the commencement of arbitration proceedings by the principal personally may indicate the granting of this approval.

In the case of a legal entity, there is no need for special authorization for its organ to make an arbitration agreement. However, if a legal entity is represented by a person other than its organ, such as an employee, that person must be granted the authority to enter into an arbitration agreement.

In practice, arbitration agreements signed by unauthorized representatives are encountered frequently. In the past, the Court of Cassation held the view that even if the main contract signed by an unauthorized representative was performed, the arbitration agreement would not be binding. However, the Court of Cassation has changed this precedent. In its recent decisions, the Court of Cassation addresses the argument that an arbitration agreement is invalid because it was signed by an unauthorized representative within the framework of the principle of good faith. For instance, in a dispute that is the subject of a decision, the Court rejected the objection that the arbitration agreement, opened after 9-year performance of a contract dispute between the parties, was invalid because it was signed by an unauthorized representative. The Court ruled on the merits of the dispute. In the appeal case against this decision, it was requested that the decision be annulled on the grounds that an invalid arbitration agreement signed by an unauthorized representative was used to issue the arbitrator's decision (Turkish International Arbitration Law Article 15). The regional court of appeals, acting as the court of first instance, dismissed the annulment case. The regional court of appeals concluded that the contract had been effectively applied for 9 years until the date the dispute arose, the employer had knowledge of the contract content and had actually approved the contract by performing its obligations and collecting payments until the time of the arbitration application. The Court of Cassation's 11th Civil Chamber approved the decision. This decision is one of the many decisions by regional courts of appeals and the Court of Cassation that support arbitration proceedings.

By Cemile Demir Gökyayla, Partner, Beyza Sila Sürmeli, Trainee, KP Law

KP Law at a Glance

Based in Istanbul, Turkey, KP Law is an independent full-service law firm providing multidisciplinary solutions to the clients worldwide. With over 55 lawyers and specialists, KP Law makes the best of agile & holistic approach as a strategic partner to your business with well analyzed reality checks, risk monitoring and pragmatic solutions. The firm has a distinguished status with built trust, a consistent high quality and stands out as a preferred vendor of Big4 as well as large size consultancy firms. Thanks to this accumulated knowledge and track record international experience, the team is intensely committed to high quality strategic approach and value-based delivery with commercial awareness and deep understanding of industry dynamics.

KP Law is led by Founding Partner Att. Onur Kucuk, a skilled negotiator, trusted by top executives, multinational clients to advise on critical projects and large-scale, cross-border transactions with 25+ years of experience in corporate and M&A. He leverages his professional and communication skills to be an inspiring leader for each and every one of his teams. He is a prominent speaker, author, and lecturer with contributions to industry publications and mainstream press, in cooperation with various organizations including Harvard Business Review Türkiye, Bahçeşehir University, and Board Membership Mentoring and Development Program and member of International Bar Association (IBA).

Our Services: KP Law has a leading practice focused on Mergers and Acquisitions, Corporate, Commercial Law, Intellectual Property, Employment and Contracts, Data Protection & Technology, Tax Law, Capital Markets, Arbitration as well as Litigation and Arbitration across a wide range of industries with particular emphasis on the retail, industrial manufacturing, fintech, e-commerce, and energy sectors.

Our Approach: Adopting innovative approaches by combining high-quality strategic thinking, commercial awareness and cutting-edge technology, our team acts with an unconventional mindset and approach:
- Going beyond just giving legal advice, we put ourselves at the heart of your business. By understanding your problems and needs, we redefine them.
- We give you a competitive advantage by predicting problems before they arise.
- We take an analytical approach by breaking the most complex problems into simple formulations to offer a clear path forward.
- We add value to your business as we invest in a team of legal talent combined with strong financial literacy and strategic thinking.

Firm’s website: www.kplawtr.com