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Wolf Theiss has advised Oberbank AG as the issuer of EUR 250 million of 0.75% ordinary non-subordinated eligible debt securities 2019-2026. Weber & Co. advised the banking consortium of Commerzbank Aktiengesellschaft, DZ Bank AG Deutsche Zentral-Genossenschaftsbank, Erste Group Bank AG, and Raiffeisen Bank International AG that coordinated the bond placement.

Background and facts: Austrian (case) law on capital maintenance (Verbot der Einlagenrückgewähr) is stringent and in many of its decisions the Austrian Supreme Court has interpreted the principles of capital maintenance as laid out in Austrian corporate law very strictly. Now, for the first time, the Supreme Court has decided on the question of cash pooling.

I. Introduction: Drones (coll.; "unmanned aircraft [systems or vehicles]" in technical terms) are aircraft operated with no pilot on board. Once mainly developed and used for military purposes, drones are increasingly influencing our everyday lives. Drones vary greatly in size, performance and type. Civil drones are operated for risky flights to accident areas (e.g. firefighting, overflying flooded areas, finding missing persons3), can assist authorities4 (e.g. border control), deliver commercial services such as infrastructure (e.g. bridges, railways, nuclear plants) maintenance and monitoring, aerial mapping (e.g. for construction planning, insurance, urban planning), filming6 (see "Can flying photo drones be shot down?"), farming7, forestry, fisheries or may deliver packages. In fact, taxi drones may turn out to be a landmark in drone operations (see "Taxi drone EHang 216 takes off in Austria"). Considering that unmanned aerial toys will increasingly impact the Single European sky airspace, proper harmonised rules on safe and secure drone operation within the EU and its internal (aviation) market are urgently needed. EU-wide harmonised rules on civil drones must take into account their great variety of use these days.

The CRISPR method: Genome editing designates new methods that allow targeted interventions to be carried out in the genetic material, the genome of a cell. The CRISPR/Cas method is a molecular biological method to specifically cut and modify DNA ("genome editing" or "gene scissors"). Genes can be inserted with the CRISPR/Cas9 method or used only remotely or switched off. This method was discovered in 2012, originally as a defence mechanism of bacteria against viruses. Soon, researchers around the world were using it to modify the DNA of a wide variety of organisms.